The city, formerly called Mayrahú, has its origin in an Indian village named Mayra. It was discovered in 1705 by Italian Capuchin friars, who gave it the name of St. Sebastian Mayrahú. In 1717, became a parish, and in 1761, the town and the county seat. In 1938, it became a city.
The patron of the city are St. Sebastian and Our Lady of the Conception Cambuízo, they have, as festive day, January 20 and December 8, respectively.
With a rich culture and almost completely preserved, this city attracts more and more tourists from all over the world.
Called by the media "Bahia Polynesia" because of its rare beauty and transparency of its waters, Marau has beautiful beaches distributed among its several villages, and dozens of islands, waterfalls, fully preserved mangroves and miles of Atlantic Forest. His best-known coastal villages are: Barra Grande, Saquaíra, Taipus Away and cottons. Marau is part of the Palm Coast, one of the most beautiful regions of Bahia. There, too, is located the third largest bay in the country, the Camamu Bay, where flows the river Marau.
Recently, the Marau Peninsula began to be discovered by tourists and Bahia. Older residents say Marau There have been up to the French writer and aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, author of "The Little Prince", which would have remained in the village enough time to maintain a residence there.
The importance of the city of Marau in past centuries it is now in the buildings of ancient architecture, including some with characteristics of style and taste Portuguese-eighteenth century.
The gazebo in the upper city, a beautiful view of the Maraú estuary and the lower city is achieved, can be observed in the broad area of fair and vessels at berth. The coconut, palm fiber and wood are the main materials for making crafts of the region. In the city, are also cultivated rubber, palm oil (introduced in the late nineteenth century), clove, peach palm, cocoa, guarana and black pepper kingdom. An open fair enlivens the city on Saturdays and fishing is an important source of income for the city.