Jaboatão dos Guararapes
Jaboatão Guararapes is a municipality in the state of Pernambuco, located in the northeast of the country. It belongs to the metropolitan mesoregion of Recife, the micro-region of Recife and the metropolitan region of Recife; locating the south of the state capital, lying about 18 km of this. It occupies an area of 257.3 km², with 23.6 km² forming the urban area and the remaining 233.7 km² forming the rural municipality.
According to estimates of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in 2014 its population was around 680,943 inhabitants, 3 and thus the second most populous city in the state. The municipal area has an average annual temperature of 24.4 ° C, with the Atlantic Forest as native and predominant vegetation, also taking some stretches of salt marsh and mangrove. Approximately 97.82% of the population lives in urban municipal area, and has 114 health facilities, according to 2009 data.
Its Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.717 and is considered average and above the state average, ranking fifth in the state ranking. The lands that form the current municipality was granted by Duarte Coelho in 1566, Gaspar Alves Purge and Dona Isabel Ferreira, in order to develop the productivity of land.
A distance of a league, the mill was installed St. John the Baptist, which was sold in 1573 to Ferdinand Smith, whose heiress, Maria Feijó, was married to the Portuguese Antonio Bouillon, with the change of the device name to Bouillon. The city was founded under the name of Jaboatão on May 4, 1593 by Benedict Luiz Figueira, the third owner of the old Mill St. John the Baptist.
The city is known as the "Cradle of the Fatherland" for having been the scene of battles in 1648 and 1649, in which the Pernambuco expelled the Dutch from its territory. In 1989, the city was renamed to "Jaboatão of Exmouth," as a tribute to Monte Guararapes - where there was some conflict Uprising Pernambuco.
Jaboatão Guararapes stands out for its industry, having the third largest of Pernambuco industrial GDP and being situated in a strategic area of economic development of Pernambuco, being located in the path between Recife and the Port of Suape, which is the main hub of public investment .
It is cut by the main highways of the state, the BR-101 (north to south), BR-232 (east-west) and the future ring road, which has a track in your project in the south of the city. Along with other municipalities in its region, Jaboatão part of the Strategic Territory of Suape, Pernambuco created by the Development Agency (CONDEPE / FIDEM) to delimit the area of influence of the Industrial and Port Complex of Suape.